Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation

MENTAL RETARDATION Mental retardation refers to significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning resulting in or associated with concurrent impairment in adaptive behaviour and manifested during the developmental period. intellectual disability (ID) also known as a learning disability in the united kingdom and firmly mental retardation (MR)  is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual … Read more

Diabetes: Types, Clinical Features, Investigations and Management

Definition  : It is the clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin FBS>126 mg/dl RBS> 200 mg /dl Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar over a prolonged period of time. diabetes is due  to either the pancreas … Read more

Tuberculosis | Causative Agent, Risk factor, Transmission, Symptoms and Treatment

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily affects lung parenchyma. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS) Many strains of tuberculosis resist the drugs most used to treat the disease. … Read more

Pneumonia Classification, Causes, Pathophysiology, Management and Prevention

Pneumonia| Classification, Causes, Prevention and Management

Definition : Pneumonia is an infection of the lung parenchyma (ie alveoli rather than bronchi) of infective origin. It is Most common infectious cause of death.  Usually characterized by consolidation: Consolidation is a pathological process in which ah the alveoli are filled with a mixture of inflammatory exudate, bacteria and WBC. Classification : i. Anatomical … Read more