Diabetes: Types, Clinical Features, Investigations and Management

Definition  : It is the clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin FBS>126 mg/dl RBS> 200 mg /dl Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar over a prolonged period of time. diabetes is due  to either the pancreas … Read more

Tuberculosis | Causative Agent, Risk factor, Transmission, Symptoms and Treatment

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily affects lung parenchyma. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS) Many strains of tuberculosis resist the drugs most used to treat the disease. … Read more

Pneumonia Classification, Causes, Pathophysiology, Management and Prevention

Pneumonia| Classification, Causes, Prevention and Management

Definition : Pneumonia is an infection of the lung parenchyma (ie alveoli rather than bronchi) of infective origin. It is Most common infectious cause of death.  Usually characterized by consolidation: Consolidation is a pathological process in which ah the alveoli are filled with a mixture of inflammatory exudate, bacteria and WBC. Classification : i. Anatomical … Read more