Diabetes: Types, Clinical Features, Investigations and Management

Definition  : It is the clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin FBS>126 mg/dl RBS> 200 mg /dl Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar over a prolonged period of time. diabetes is due  to either the pancreas … Read more

Bronchial Asthma| Definition | Classification | Pathophysiology| Investigation | Management

Bronchial Asthma by Kajal's Health Blog

Definition:   Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway that is characterized by Clinically by recurrent episodes of wheezing breathless chest tightness and cough particularly at night or early morning physiologically by widespread reversible narrowing of the bronchial airways and a marked increase in bronchial responsiveness According to CDC more than 25 million Americans, … Read more

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic and inflammatory response in the airways and lungs to noxious particles and gases.  It is a chronic slowly progressive disorder characterized by airflow obstruction which doesn’t change markedly over … Read more

Tuberculosis | Causative Agent, Risk factor, Transmission, Symptoms and Treatment

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily affects lung parenchyma. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS) Many strains of tuberculosis resist the drugs most used to treat the disease. … Read more

Pneumonia Classification, Causes, Pathophysiology, Management and Prevention

Pneumonia| Classification, Causes, Prevention and Management

Definition : Pneumonia is an infection of the lung parenchyma (ie alveoli rather than bronchi) of infective origin. It is Most common infectious cause of death.  Usually characterized by consolidation: Consolidation is a pathological process in which ah the alveoli are filled with a mixture of inflammatory exudate, bacteria and WBC. Classification : i. Anatomical … Read more

Diarrhoea | Causes , Clinical Features and Management | Kajal’s Health Blog

 Diarrhoea Diarrhoea is when your bowel  movement become loose or watery.   the definition  of diarrhoea is Passing of three or more loose or watery stools within 24 hours is called diarrhoea. Types of Diarrhoea: A. Acute watery diarrhoea :Acute watery diarrhoea may last up to one or two days and goes away on its own … Read more