Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation

MENTAL RETARDATION Mental retardation refers to significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning resulting in or associated with concurrent impairment in adaptive behaviour and manifested during the developmental period. intellectual disability (ID) also known as a learning disability in the united kingdom and firmly mental retardation (MR)  is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual … Read more

Diabetes: Types, Clinical Features, Investigations and Management

Definition  : It is the clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin FBS>126 mg/dl RBS> 200 mg /dl Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar over a prolonged period of time. diabetes is due  to either the pancreas … Read more

Bronchial Asthma| Definition | Classification | Pathophysiology| Investigation | Management

Bronchial Asthma by Kajal's Health Blog

Definition:   Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway that is characterized by Clinically by recurrent episodes of wheezing breathless chest tightness and cough particularly at night or early morning physiologically by widespread reversible narrowing of the bronchial airways and a marked increase in bronchial responsiveness According to CDC more than 25 million Americans, … Read more

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic and inflammatory response in the airways and lungs to noxious particles and gases.  It is a chronic slowly progressive disorder characterized by airflow obstruction which doesn’t change markedly over … Read more

Tuberculosis | Causative Agent, Risk factor, Transmission, Symptoms and Treatment

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily affects lung parenchyma. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS) Many strains of tuberculosis resist the drugs most used to treat the disease. … Read more